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Chitradurga district is an administrative district of Karnataka state in southern India. The city of Chitradurga is the district headquarters. Chitradurga gets its name from Chitrakaldurga, an umbrella-shaped lofty hill found there. Tradition dates Chitradurga District to the period of the Ramayana and Mahabharata. The whole district lies in the valley of the Vedavati River, with the Tungabhadra River flowing in the northwest. During the British times it was named Chitaldroog. The district was practically ruled by all the well known dynasties that ruled Karnataka.
The district is hilly, with lots of forts and villages. The district is bounded by Tumkur District to the southeast and south, Chikmagalur District to the southwest, Davanagere District to the west, Bellary District to the north, and Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh state to the east. Davanagere District was formerly part of Chitradurga. The district is divided into taluks, namely Chitradurga, Hiriyur, Hosadurga, Holalkere, Challakere and Molakalmuru. It is rich in mineral deposits, including gold prospecting at Halekal, Kotemardi or Bedimaradi, etc., and open cast copper mines at Ingaldhal.
As of 2011 India census, Chitradurga had a population of 1,45,853. Males constitute 50.07% of the population and females 49.93%. Chitradurga has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 80% and female literacy of 72%. 10.62% of the population is under 6 years of age.
During the reign of Madakari Nayaka, the city of Chitradurga was besieged by the troops of Hyder Ali. A chance sighting of a woman entering the Chitradurga fort through an opening in the rocks led to a clever plan by Hyder Ali to send his soldiers through the hole. The guard on duty near that hole had gone home for lunch. The wife of that guard, Obavva was passing by the hole to collect water, when she noticed soldiers emerging out of this opening. Obavva was not perturbed. She was carrying with her an Onake (a long wooden club meant for pounding paddy grains). She killed Hyder Ali's soldiers one by one as they attempted to enter the fort through the opening and quietly moved the dead. Over a short period of time hundreds of soldiers entered and fell, without raising any suspicion. Obavva's husband, upon his return from his lunch was shocked to see Obavva standing with a blood stained Onake and hundreds of dead bodies of the enemy around her.Together both wife and husband beat up most of the soldiers.But as both of them were about to finish off all the soldiers of Hyder Ali, somehow Obavva dies. The cause of her death still remains a mystery but most believe that an arrow from another guard hit and killed Obavva. Some others believe that another guard on duty came and mistaking Obavva and her husband to be enemies, hit Obavva and killed her. The opening in the rocks still remains as a historical witness for the story, beside the Tanniru doni a small water source which holds cold water all round the year. The Tanniru doni was the well which Obavva was making her way to, when she found the soldieres of Hyder Ali. Though her sincere and brave attempt saved the fort on that occasion, Madakari Nayaka could not repel Hyder Ali's attack in 1779. In the ensuing battle, the fort of Chitradurga was lost to Hyder Ali. Obavva, like Kittur Rani Chennamma remains a legend, especially to the women of Karnataka.
Chitradurga Fort is renowned for its Kallina Kote/Ukinna kote/Yelu Suttina kote which was built in parts by the Palegar Veer Madakari Nayaka. It comprises a series of seven enclosure walls in Kannada. Eighteen ancient temples can be found inside the fort. This seemingly impregnable fort has 19 gateways, 38 posterior entrances, a palace, a mosque, granaries, oil pits, four secret entrances and water tanks.
It is an ancient archaeological site. It is situated near a big lake. Water sports are arranged on occasions. On excavation painted pottery, coins are traced of the Satavahana period. Ankali Matt is situated beside the caves which has big shiva lingas under a giant stone.
Accessible by road, this fortress lies on the outskirts of what is Chitradurga today. City of Chitradurga is located at the junction of NH-4 (Bangalore-Pune National Highway) and NH-13 (Sollapur-Mangalore National Highway). Chitradurga is also accessible by train. There is a daily service to Bangalore and weekly services to Mumbai.
Computerization: Properties within Chitradurga CMC limits have been identified & details have been collected & Computerization of records is completed. Citizens can avail this facility to pay tax shortly. Birth & Death records are available online from the year 1990. Citizens can make use this facility to register & obtain Birth & Death Certificates.
"This Page is Maintained by Shri.Nalavadi M K Municipal Commissioner"
Contact No:94483 26494 Last updated:31/10/2014